Absolute Monarchs in Europe - Mr. James

Absolute Monarchs in Europe - Mr. James

Absolute Monarchs in Europe Chapter 21 What is Absolutism? Political belief that one ruler should have total (ABOLUTELY ALL) power Despot-Ruler with total power

Absolute Monarch-King or Queen with total power What is Absolutism? Based on the Divine Right of Kings God created the monarchy Monarch is Gods representative on Earth Monarch answers only to God.

Not to His/Her subjects Louis XIV Frances most powerful ruler Sun King I am the State Built Palaces at Versailles to show his power and

make other monarchs jealous Causes of Absolutism Long-term causes Decline of Feudalism Rise of cities and middle class

Rise of nationalism Loss of Church authority Causes of Absolutism Short-Term Causes Religious/territorial conflicts Build-up of armies

Increasing taxes Revolts by peasants or nobles Religious Wars Conflict between Catholics & Protestants (Huguenots) led to EIGHT civil wars in France form 1562 - 1598

Religious Wars Thirty Years War in Germany (1618 1648) Key royal house = Hapsburg Religious Wars Thirty Years War in Germany

(1618 1648) Started when Bohemian Protestants revolted against the Catholic Hapsburg rulers Conflict over religion, territory & power of ruling families involved almost all major Euro. powers

Religious Wars Thirty Years War in Germany (1618 1648) Effects:

Devastated Germanys Economy Weakened Spain and Austria Strengthened France START OF MODERN STATE SYSTEM IN EUROPE.

Some Absolute Monarchs Maria Theresa Austria Only inherited the throne after other European powers agreed to

recognize her as heir Some Absolute Monarchs Frederick the Great Prussia Believed that a

ruler should be like a father to his people Some Absolute Monarchs Philip II Spain Defended

Catholicism & helped stimulate art and literature Some Absolute Monarchs Ivan the Terrible Russia Took Power from

the Boyars (nobles) after accusing them of poisoning his wife There were Alternatives United provinces of

the Netherlands Religious tolerance Elected governors depended on landowners & merchants for power

There were Alternatives England Parliament struggled with absolute rulers over money, religion and individual rights There were Alternatives England Conflict eventually led to the English Civil War

between Puritans and Royalists (Parliament) (the King) There were Alternatives England

English Civil War After the Puritans won Their leader, Oliver Cromwell became a military dictator There were Alternatives England

English Civil War The Monarchy was restored after his deathbut it WAS NOT absolute There were Alternatives England

Glorious Revolution William & Mary came to power They agreed to a Constitutional Monarchy, where laws limit

the rulers power Effects of Absolutism Short term effects Rules about social gatherings & religion controlled the spread of ideas Huge building projects New government bureaucracies

Loss of power for nobility & legislatures (Parliament) Effects of Absolutism Long term Effects French Revolution Western European influences on Russia English political reforms influence U.S.

Democracy French British Spanish

German

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • CSEC2017 Update: Joint Task Force on Cybersecurity Education

    CSEC2017 Update: Joint Task Force on Cybersecurity Education

    focuses on the security of the connections between components including both physical and logical connections. Knowledge Area Descriptions (continued) System Security: focuses on the security aspects of systems that are composed of components and connections, and use software.
  • AHD Fundamental Neurosceience Chapter 6 Chadi Darwich Nov

    AHD Fundamental Neurosceience Chapter 6 Chadi Darwich Nov

    A limited amount passes between the cells making up the arachnoid villus, whereas most is transported through these cells in membrane-bound vesicles About 330 to 380 mL of CSF enters the venous circulation per day, and about 120 mL is...
  • ncholocaustcouncil.files.wordpress.com

    ncholocaustcouncil.files.wordpress.com

    Four days after the outbreak of World War II, Secretary of State Cordell Hull signs the Neutrality Law (first signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt) at the State Department. Washington, D.C., United States, September 5, 1939. The United States had...
  • AP Biology

    AP Biology

    Real-life applications: Cystic fibrosis, polydactyly ... of mitosis and cytokinesis, and of the other phases of the cell cycle. Do not include meiosis. Simply explain cell cycle (G1, S, G2, Mitosis, cytokinesis) see notes on topic ... a sea slug...
  • Profiling and Optimization Outline  Target Architecture  Anatomy of

    Profiling and Optimization Outline Target Architecture Anatomy of

    By running an additional test to collect trip counts and flops, we can create a roofline plot which is a graphical representation of the data in the loop survey. Each loop represented by a dot, with size and color to...
  • Waves - Henry County School District

    Waves - Henry County School District

    In a transverse wave, the amplitude is one-half the distance between a crest and a trough. The larger the amplitude, the greater the energy carried by the wave. Wavelength. For a transverse wave, wavelength is the distance from crest to...
  • Indexing with The AIRS/Info Line Taxonomy Part I: Introduction

    Indexing with The AIRS/Info Line Taxonomy Part I: Introduction

    You might be tempted to index Agency B at the Level 4 term of Utility Bill Assistance, since that incorporates all four of the specific services the agency offers. ... Sponsors two summer camps (Camp Storer and Camp Fowler) to...
  • Tutorials for Joint request for selected preventive ...

    Tutorials for Joint request for selected preventive ...

    Survey sample builder. The survey sample builder is a Microsoft Excel tool that can be used to (i) automate calculations for determining the appropriate survey design and (ii) facilitate random selection of clusters and children or households from a list...