Preparing the Candidacy Application & Research Proposal Professor Garry T Allison 9 April 2018 A global university Perth | Kalgoorlie | Dubai | Malaysia | Singapore Acknowledgement of Country I would like to acknowledge the Wudjuk Noongar people as the traditional custodians of the land on which we present, and would like to pay my respects to elders past and present. A global university
Perth | Kalgoorlie | Dubai | Malaysia | Singapore Enrolment Graduation Doctoral Thesis .. uncover new knowledge either by the discovery of new facts, the formulation of theories or the innovative reinterpretation of known data and established ideas Stop Press.. Milestones We are currently introducing a Curtin Milestones Model for all HDR students. This has been approved but the rules and policies need to be formally adopted but
this is what is happening. Milestone #1. Candidacy. The usual process that includes todays seminar. Oral Presentation Written Submission + required to write a list of Confirmation Tasks that will need to be achieved in 12 months time after Candidacy. Confirmation Milestone #2 Oral presentation Confirmation of Confirmation Tasks Plan for the next half of the doctoral thesis Pre-submission Oral presentation Milestone #3
Oral presentation A pre-submission approval / acknowledgement (not an oral defence/ examination of the thesis like most other Institutions) Thesis Chair.. The new role of the thesis Chair is to talk to the student and the supervisors at each milestone time period (.and maybe more often). How things are progressing? What are the barriers and drivers for the student to reach the milestones in a timely manner? RU-OK - PhD? Overview of the HDR Process Stage 1 Applicatio
n for Admission Enrolment Application for Candidacy Research Integrity Training Turnitin Ethics
Clearance Overview of the HDR Process Stage 2 Research and Writing of Thesis Annual Progress Reports International Sponsored Students Reports
Applying for Candidacy Applying for Candidacy website Guide to Preparing the Proposal Where to find the Candidacy form Download the Application for Candidacy form. The form The form starts on Page 4. (Pages 1-3 is Advice to Applicants) Candidacy: The first big hurdle
What is it? Description of your research what, how why Sets your research into wider context of the discipline Identifies the gap/need for further work Shows how you will approach the problem Candidacy: The first big hurdle "Piled Higher and Deeper" by Jorge Cham www.phdcomics.com Your project is aligned to current research Read all the work around the research / research grant
Read the papers from the same group of researchers Understand the theoretical framework that underpins the research area. Learn about the weakness of the area and the current strategies. Know the equipment or platforms that are used in the area. Understand what you are going to do and what, how, why The Research Process: What Questions to ask: What interests me? Within this area, what questions do I want to find answers to? What is known about this area? Where are the gaps in our knowledge/understanding? Will this research have significance?
Develop the research question: Discuss ideas with supervisor(s) Define the goals/aims/outcomes Understand significance Significant and original contribution to the area of knowledge Really Important Questions 1. Is the research topic of sufficient interest to sustain you through the whole of thesis enrolment? 2. Is the research "do-able", that is, can it be conducted and managed by you?
3. Will the research be worthwhile and make a contribution to knowledge in the field? 4. Will you be able to obtain data and protect the confidentiality of the data sources? The Research Process: How Developing a plan takes time What will you need to know to answer the research question? How can you find this out? Methodology: qualitative, quantitative How will the data be collected? Resources How much time will you need?
What equipment and facilities will be used? Collaboration? Budget? adcet.edu.au And what about Animal research does your research involve animals? Appropriate training Understanding legislation Ethics and confidentiality does your research involve people ? Do you need ethics approval? Can you get enough data How will you keep it confidential
Health and Safety - are you working with the following? Biological agents DNA Radiation safety Hazardous substances Then you must submit a Hazard Identification Tool (HIT) Requirements for candidacy (milestone #1) Completion of Blackboard)
Masters - 5 page proposal Doctoral - 10 page proposal the Research Integrity
Presentation of research plan (most areas) Budget Timelines Risks
Turnitin report (via Research Integrity) training (on Confirmation Tasks List tasks that will be achieved in the next 12 months. Must have a substantial written body of work.
Who will be involved in your candidature? Your peers, fellow HDR students Supervisor Co-supervisor You must have 2 committed people
Associate Supervisor Chair of Thesis Committee Director of Graduate Research (Postgraduate Coordinator) Head of School
Graduate Research School GSOs Role of the Supervisor Direct you to up-to-date developments on your topic and to people with expertise in your field Offer advice and assistance to you about the topic and the outcomes of your research Assist you with formulating the research question Assist you with drawing up any budget estimate for the proposed research Role of the Supervisor Assist you with preparing a timetable for completing
candidacy requirements. Advise about ethics clearance and intellectual property. Read and respond constructively to summary of proposed research program. drafts of your Research Integrity Training Research Integrity Training: Developed by Epigeum in collaboration
Universities Access for students through Blackboard with Australian Compulsory for all HDR students and staff involved in research HDR students must complete BEFORE candidacy submitted. Work with your supervisor if you find this difficult Includes Turnitin link to submit the Candidacy proposal (see next) Originality Checking via Turnitin
Summary of Proposed Research Program What goes where? Abstract Objectives Background Review of Literature Significance Research Method Ethical Issues Facilities and Resources Data Storage Timeline
References The abstract Motivation Problem statement Approach Expected outcomes Keep it simple, keep it short Avoid use of jargon or highly technical language Abstract Example of an Abstract Mphil Title: The delivery of quality nursing care: A grounded theory study of the nurses perspective The purpose of this study is to explore and describe the delivery of quality nursing care from the perspective of practicing nurses working in the acute public hospital setting of Western Australia (WA).
The study will examine the actions and interactions attributed to quality, and factors identified as enhancing or inhibiting the delivery of quality nursing care. A grounded theory approach is proposed. The sample for the study will be drawn from nurses working in an acute public hospital located in Perth, WA. Data will be collected using semi-structured interviews and some observation. It is estimated that approximately 10-15 interviews will be performed. Theoretical sampling will guide the selection of participants. The significance of this research will be to increase understanding of this complex phenomenon and contribute to efforts aimed at improving and maintaining quality nursing care within the current context of the WA health care system. A substantive theory explaining the process of quality care, focusing on the nurses' perspective, in an acute public hospital setting, will be developed. Implications for practice will be discussed and directions for further research in this area will be provided. Abstract Degree of Doctor of Philosophy
Application for Candidacy Heat Transfer Enhancement and Fluid Flow Characteristics Associate With Jet Impingement Cooling With the increasing miniaturization of Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) head dissipation is rapidly becoming a problem to further development in micro-electronics industries. Jet impingement cooling has often been identified as a method with the potential to provide the high rates of heat transfer needed for rapid head removal. To this end an in-depth numerical study of jet impingement will be performed to quantify the heat transfer enhancement in a useful manner. The numerical study will be carried out using the commercial finite volume computational fluid dynamics software FLUENT. Experiments will be performed to verify the results obtained from simulation. Based on an extensive review of published work in addition to preliminary studies carried out during the period of provisional candidature, the results from this research are expected to show significant benefit in using jet impingement cooling in MEMS applications. These results (both experimental and numerical) will additionally be used to develop a correlation between the heat transfer and other relevant parameters of
the jet. An accurate correlation of this nature will be a significant contribution to the field as it will allow jet impingement cooling to be more effectively applied to a wider range of industrial problems. Objectives, Background, Significance Objectives: Outline the research problem and what question you will be answering Background: The literature review provide an overview of the whats known and where your question fits
The review of the literature: Three mistakes: 1. Writing a summary of the papers within the literature not a thematic review of the body of literature. 2.Falling in love with a couple of papers 3.Writing a review of the unrelated literature Significance: Shows the impact your research will have on the field, answers the so what? question And what about What is a literature review? Survey of existing published research in your area Provides context the big picture
Establishes need Shows who else is working in this area Targeted reading Project must be focused so read strategically Read proactively make notes Evaluate critically Look for different points of view profesorbaker.wordpress.com Significance Example of a Significance Statement The study is significant for four reasons. First, it is likely to provide new information about students construction of science in the period of transition between primary and secondary school. It is likely to
lead to a greater understanding of when and why attitudes to subject and career choices are formed, and hence contribute to more equitable subject choices in science in post-compulsory education. Second, it will have implications for teaching practice by highlighting strategies that are both gender inclusive and more likely to result in improved student attitudes to science. The third are to which the study is likely to contribute is in developing transition programs in science, including those in the middle schools recently created in Western Australia. Finally, the research method used in the study is focused on gaining detailed qualitative data about a small number o students but against a background of more general quantitative information from surveys of a larger group. The combination of quantitative and qualitative methods is designed so that the small sample selected is typical of the larger group, and that the fine-grained data necessary to examine the changes in perceptions and attitudes during the transition from primary to secondary schooling can be collected in context. This has never been done before.. does not mean it is significant.
this is the biggest data set ever collected.. . does not mean it is significant for a thesis. this is the first study needs to focus on the purpose and outcome not just doing it. Significance Example of a Significance Statement Title: Structural Geology and gold Mineralisation of the Ora Banda Zulieka District, eastern Goldfields Western Australia The key outcome of this research is the documentation of regular structural geometry at macro to micro scale and the interpretation of the distribution of strain throughout the Ora Banda structural domain. An important aspect is the interpretation of the late faults in the Kalgoorlie District as structures that cross-cut the regional ductile shear zones and are not produced as lower order structures off the larger shear zones. A regular structural system has been recognised from interpretation of aeromagnetic data and the distribution of these structures is coincident with the distribution of gold deposits, so the documentation of these relationships is central to the study.
The results of this study will also be of more regional significance to the structural interpretation of the greenstone sequence in the Ora Banda Domain, as studies at the Enterprise mine will allow late fault events to be separated into a more detailed sequence of deformation pulses. Correlation of geological structure and gold deposition will have a particular significance of future gold exploration in the Eastern goldfields. What to put in the Ethical Issues section Provide a clear statement that demonstrates consideration of all ethical issues which may arise and the manner in which they will be addressed especially those relating to data collection and reporting in your research project. Refer to: Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research National Statement on Ethical Conduct in Human Research Australian Code of Practice for the Care and Use of Animals for Scient
ific Purposes Visit Curtins Research ethics and integrity webpage Contd over What to put in the Ethical Issues section Researchers have responsibility to do the following things and you should ensure all those relevant to your study are addressed. For Human ethics: Give Information Get Permission Ensure Privacy and Confidentiality Show Consideration Give Acknowledgment Ethics
Example of an Ethics Statement Title: A Longitudinal Study to Students Perceptions about Science during Transition from Primary to Secondary School. Students, their parents and teachers will be involved in providing potentially sensitive information for this study. Written permission notes will be obtained from the people concerned, as well as from the principals and heads of departments as appropriate, to collect the necessary data. Because the students will be only eleven or twelve years old when they are initially approached, interviews with them will be completed in the presence of their parents whenever possible. This practice has the advantage of keeping the parents informed, and it also means that the interviews will be done out of school time, causing as little disruption to both students and teachers. The students and parents will receive feedback as the research progresses. When the study is completed, altering the names of the people and schools will protect confidentiality. Ethics Training - Humans Human Research:
ORD Ethics SAE - [email protected] Ethics Training - Animals The Animal research ethics website includes: principles for ethical research involving animals at Curtin including adherence to the Australian Code for the Care and Use of Animals for Scientific Purposes information about the functions of Animal Ethics Committee, relevant regulations and acts, application process & case studies Application forms are online, using InfoEd Training
researchers, including students, must complete the Animal Welfare training Module 1 this training is a prerequisite to using animals in teaching & research at the university contact the presenter: Dr Beng Hooi Chua, Animal Facility Manager [email protected] Facilities and Resources (1) Examples of Facilities and Resources Statements Title: Tectonic Setting and Tectonomorphic Evolution of Fuping-Wutai-Hengshan Orogenic Belt, China Facilities for this analytical work are available at Curtin University and cooperative units around Western Australia. These include the SHRIMP2 mass spectrometer at Curtin University, thin-section grinding equipment and resource microscopes for petrographical analysis, electron-microprobe and SEM instruments (arrangement with UWA) for mineralogical composition
analysis, computers for processing analytical data, etc. Ar/Ar analysis will be done at Australian National University. Facilities and Resources (2) Examples of Facilities and Resources Statements Title: A Longitudinal Study of Students Perceptions about Science during Transition from Primary to Secondary School. No special resources or facilities are required to complete the study. Time Schedule Budget Proposal Appendix A Higher Degree by
Research Consumables Allowance Budget Proposal download: GRS is considering that this will only be optional into the future but you need to do it now. http://research.curtin.edu.au/postgradu ate/current-students/forms /
Consumables and travel allowance: $2,000 per year (lab based), $1,400 per year (non-lab based)
All doctoral: allowance $2,500 conference Rule of Thumb. This is not correct it relates to your course not Laboratory
Timeline for the Candidacy Application Expected Timeline 6 months FTE for doctoral degrees 3 months FTE for masters degrees You will be placed on CONDITIONAL if you are delayed Apply for extension if late Check for possible plagiarism via HDR Turnitin, accessed through the Research Integrity training on Blackboard (next slide)
Discuss report with your supervisor Suggested Timeframe for Candidacy WHAT HOW TIME Conceptualise research design Literature review Thinking Analysing
Reflecting Consulting with others eg. supervisor 1/2 - 2/3 of time Commence writing Start placing ideas together in writing Ongoing Advanced liaison
Early contact with organisations and people anticipated to be involved in the research Ongoing Suggested Timeframe (contd) WHAT HOW TIME
Prepare a first draft of summary of the proposed research program Objectives Significance Research methods Ethical issues 1/4 - 1/6 of time Prepare a final draft of summary of the
proposed research program Include refined material, add Timeline Abstract Title References 1/4 - 1/6 of time Budget Complete Application for
Candidacy Form Ensure Part A is completed and signed Project planning - Resources Time "Piled Higher and Deeper" by Jorge Cham www.phdcomics.com Project planning - Resources Time Develop good time management skills and habits
Make time for writing, research and for life outside work! Turn off email while writing How much time can you spend on research? How much do you need for your project amazingdata.com Timeline for Thesis Expected Timeline Aim for 3 years doctoral, 2 years masters Prepare carefully Have contingency plans The Golden Rules:
Write early, write often Dont get it right get it written Make a list of things you do well Make a list of things you struggle with.. Reflect Dont spend all your time on the GOOD stuff. Getting help GRS Current students Web and Email Contacts for GRS
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