The Empire of Persia Objectives: Explain rise of Persian Empire Discuss accomplishments Under Cyrus and Darius Begin classical India
10/26 10/27 Persia, led by King Cyrus, began to build his empire in 550 BCE. Persia would conquer most of the Fertile Crescent, Egypt and Anatolia. Persia is located in present-day Iran. The empire spanned over 2,000 miles.
Cyrus was a military genius Armies included archers on horseback Conquered the entire Fertile Crescent and most of Anatolia Cyrus was most well known for how he treated
conquered people. He showed kindness and his armies refrained from looting and burning Cyrus became well respected by honoring local customs and religions instead
of trying to destroy them. Under the Persian Empire, conquered citizens enjoyed freedom. Jews who had been deported from their homeland to Babylon were allowed to return to Jerusalem. Cyrus the Great
The Iranians regarded him as The Father. The Jews regarded him as The Anointed Of the Lord Monument to Cyrus in Sydney, Australia The Persians, under Cyrus:
Advanced iron technology Developed a new religion Zorastrianism Art flourished Tomb of Cyrus the Great Cyrus died in 530 BCE Zorastrianism
founded by a Persian prophet named Zoroaster who lived around 600 BC. Supreme deity was Ahuramazda or Wise Lord People must choose the between right and wrong. The right way is the way of Ahuramazda.
Zorastrian beliefs: A persons soul faced judgement based on actions. Two spiritual armies, good and evil, fought for a persons soul. Two opposing forces in the universe. Does this sound similar to any other religion? Zorastrianism was uniquely Persian and did not spread. But, many historians believe it influenced
Christianity. Ahuramazda Cyrus son ruled for a short while and was overthrown by Darius. Darius: Built the royal road system 1,677 miles from Sardis to Susa Expanded empire into India and presentday Afghanistan Imperial bureaucracy was well-organized. -Divided the kingdom into 20
provinces -Installed governors in each province called Satraps -Appointed inspectors to check on the Satraps they were the Kings Eyes and Ears Tomb of King Darius
The Persian Empire would eventually fall to Alexander the Great Of Macedonia Photo Credits http://www.niasnet.org/tomb%20of%20cyrus%20the%20great.jpg http://www.cais-soas.com/CAIS/Images2/Achaemenid/Cyrus%20t he%20Great/Cyrus_the_Great_Winged__Figure.gif http://cache.virtualtourist.com/1798547-coPersian_and_Medean_G
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Student objasní východiska pro názorové změny mezi sókratovským a posókratovským obdobím antické filozofie. Charakterizuje názory stoiků, vyjmenuje jejich nejvýznamnější představitele, dokáže vysvětlit pojmy ataraxie, apathea.
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