RESTORATION DRAMA - Chiles Theatre

RESTORATION DRAMA - Chiles Theatre

ENGLISH RESTORATION THEATRE 1660-1700 England and the eighteenth century WHY IS IT CALLED RESTORATION After the time of Shakespeare, English drama had been in a state of decline.

Puritans had long rallied against theatrical productions, calling them immoral. A state of civil war developed and the King was deposed. Puritans were in power. Actors moved to the smaller towns, but were still jailed, flogged, and ridiculed. In an attempt to stabilize the government, in 1660

King Charles II was invited back from his exile in France and RESTORED to the monarchy. Under Charles, strict Puritan rule was relaxed. Charles has been charmed by the plays he

had seen in France which included female actresses. Women began to appear on English stages, ironically as young boys at first. Nell Gwynn was a famous actress of this time.

Playwrights William Congreve 1690-1729 William Wickerly - 1641-1716 (The Country Wife, The Plain Dealer) George Etheridge 1632-1692 The Man of Mode RESTORATION COMEDY

All entertainments were aimed at pleasing the aristocracy, not the common person. Known as comedy of manners. Style was not realistic. Presentations were full of intellectual wit and clever lines. Plot was of less importance than the quality of the dialogue. Influenced by Commedia- characters are stereotypes.

Stagecraft Proscenium arch became standard Scenery became part of action Audience taste for spectacle: cloud effects, thunder, trap doors Light provided by many candles Men and women wore heavy white make up ( as did patrons)

Men clean shaven with curled wigs. Restoration Theatre Building Restoration Theatre Building Interior

Wing and Drop Scenery Restoration Costume Restoration Makeup Upper-class aristocrats and court members were audience.

Audience members sometimes sat ON the stage and made comments. Audience demanded witty, rakish comedy. Plays dealt with illicit, extramarital love affairs, but playwrights avoided coarse language. Character types: the young man refusing to marry, the irritable duchess, the plain citizen, the flirtatious wife, the rich old husband married to a young wife, the country maiden.

Presentational (vocal) focus. Blocking generally limited to entrance and exit. Playing High Comedy

Searching for truth in character is futile Characters are not real they are types Comedy is intellectual, not slapstick Detachment principle: successful actors detach themselves from character. By being detached, actors share the joke with the audience. Audience-Actor relationship: comedic actor is figuratively part of audience. Actor shares with the audience and is their contact with all that is happening

to character and on stage. Distortion: one facet of the comedic character must be enlarged, like a caricature. The distortion must be within limits of being believable, not farcical. Comedic actor must convince the audience that the actor is also enjoying the characters eccentricity.

The Restoration Style Voice Since the text is polished and witty, the voice is its primary vehicle The voice (should) be clear, finished, the lips expert, the tongue striking well on the teeth; the tone would always go up and down but always be sure of its place in the throat, be crisp, shining, in hand, like the satin and gold of the

furniture and costumes, the rapier at the wrist, the lace over it, the worldliness and the wit.Stark Young, The Flower in Drama (New York: Charles Scribners, 1923) p. 88.

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Directional Grid - Itu

    Directional Grid - Itu

    Dolby Digital Plus. EBU R128. Voice over. AD. 5.1 PRODUCTION. In other words, to put it more simply, correspondingly, in the same way. RTS HD DISTRIBUTION FORMAT . HD SDI. HD Video. Main audio stereo PCM. Main audio DD+ 5.1....
  • Internal Assessment

    Internal Assessment

    Internal Assessment The Historical Investigation * * * * * * Structure Problem Solving Activity Skills of the Historian Outline style Broad latitude in topic Structure has not changed Weight and Time 20% HL and 25% SL 20 Hours which...
  • Special Topics in Computer Science Advanced Topics in

    Special Topics in Computer Science Advanced Topics in

    Monday / Tuesday An interesting solution: compare dictionary definitions Uses in IR Query expansion Add synonyms of the word to the query and process normally Flexible, slow Best for lexical synonymy: few synonyms, doubtful Reducing at index time When reading...
  • Green Plants And Chordates. - WordPress.com

    Green Plants And Chordates. - WordPress.com

    Green Plants And Chordates. Classification of Living Organisms. Plant Kingdom - Metaphyta (Plantae) Animal Kingdom - Metazoa (Animalia) www.189pkh.wordpress.com
  • Occupation Explore Chef Christine Ha, who is blind,

    Occupation Explore Chef Christine Ha, who is blind,

    Enrique Oliu, Bryce Weiler and Matt Wallace are three blind broadcasters, calling games for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers. Educator Carla McQuillan, a blind mother and teacher, operates a Montessori school in Oregon. Hairdresser.
  • Endowment Accounting - Washington University

    Endowment Accounting - Washington University

    A simple question that does not have a simple answer Each endowment has at least three answers to this question: The book value The market value The available payout value Updated February 2012 * The book value Also referred to...
  • Issue Y2K The Great War for Talent! - Tom Peters

    Issue Y2K The Great War for Talent! - Tom Peters

    Tom Peters' Re-Imagine! Business Excellence in a Disruptive Age 22October2004/Part 1
  • Hardware/Software Codesign Outline  Background and Rationale  Architecture design

    Hardware/Software Codesign Outline Background and Rationale Architecture design

    Hardware/Software Codesign Outline Background and Rationale Architecture design constraints and issues Architecture design strategies Example of generic architectures Perspectives Background and Rationale Ancient History More Recent History Back in the 80's The required text book for a similar course: A...